Japanese mushrooms - the taste of Autumn

November 06, 2017

Mushroom are known as an autumn food in Japan as it the time of year that they are at their best.  Restaurants usually change their menu to include mushroom dishes at this time of year. 

Mushrooms are eaten more often in Japan than in England. There are about 5000 kinds of mushrooms in Japan and about 100 of them are known as edible. The following list is comprised of the most popular and ooishi Japanese mushrooms: 

 

1 Shiitake 

  • Probably the most well-known Japanese mushroom in the world. Shiitake is used in many dishes, especially in sukiyaki. 

  • Shiitake can be used in rice dishes, soups, fries, sauces, it is cooked in many ways in Japan. 

  • They contain the vital umami taste too, so they are used to take dashi. 

  • Shiitake can reduce cholesterol and blood pressure. β-glucan from shiitake is already used to prevent cancer. 
     

2 Shimeji 

  • It has a weaker taste when compared with shiitake. 

  • It is often mixed with rice to produce takikomi gohan, ooften used for Japanese flavoured spaghetti. 

  • Contains vitamin D, B1, B2 and Niacin, 
     

3 Enoki 

  • Enoki is white and has long, thin stems and is small in comparison to shiitake or shimeji. 

  • A popular way of cooking this mushroom is to wrap it with bacon, which is called enoki bacon. 

  • Enoki helps intestine regulating function.  
     

4 Maitake 

  • The shape of maitake is quite unique.  

  • Maitake is used like other mushrooms, cooked with rice, used for tempura, but the texture is different so other mushrooms. 

  • Research suggests that maitake can prevent cancer as it contains β-glucan like shiitake but in larger quantities. It is also said that it can support your immune system.  
     

5 Nameko 

  • Nameko is used in miso soup or used as a topping for soba noodles 

  • It is slightly slimy, but the slime contains umami. 

  • This slime is mucin, and it protects cells and mucous membrane in our bodies. 
     

6 Eryngii (king oyster mushroom) 

  • Eryngii are eaten in France and Italy and some other European countries. Japanese farmers started to harvest them only from 1993, but they have become a popular dish in Japan recently.   

 






Also in Education

Sansho - The Japanese Pepper
Sansho - The Japanese Pepper

October 09, 2018 0 Comments

Sansho is native to Japan. The leaves are usually used as a herb, however it is often referred to as 'Japanese pepper.' It comes from a plant called the prickly ash which is closely related to... 

View full article →

What is Kombu? Is Kombu and Kelp the same?
What is Kombu? Is Kombu and Kelp the same?

September 21, 2018 0 Comments

As some of already know, Kombu is one kind of seaweed that is known as containing umami. We use it to make dashi,...

View full article →

A Tribute to Joël Robuchon
A Tribute to Joël Robuchon

September 14, 2018 0 Comments

He was known as one of the greatest Michelin chefs in the world. Japanese food was a huge influence. He won 3 Michelin stars back to back quicker than any other chef...

View full article →